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Oxford, England

Oxford, situated about fifty-five miles northwest of London on the River Thames, is the location of the oldest university in England, founded in the twelfth century.

The catalogue of Oxford alumni and teachers is long and distinguished: the medieval philosopher and alchemist Roger Bacon, Duns Scotus, the Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno; the explorers Richard Hakluyt (Oxford's first professor of modern geography) and Sir Walter Raleigh; the religious men John Wycliffe, William Tyndale, John Foxe, Thomas More, Thomas Wolsey, Richard Hooker, and William Laud (chancellor of Oxford beginning in 1629); Robert Burton, John Donne, the scientists Robert Hooke and Edmond Halley; the architect Sir Christopher Wren (named Saville Professor of Astronomy in 1661), John Locke, Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, Samuel Johnson, Edward Gibbon, John Wesley (fellow of Lincoln College), George Whitefield, the jurist William Blackstone, the musician and scholar Charles Burney, Sir Joseph Banks Adam Smith, Jeremy Bentham, and Robert Southey.

Percy Bysshe Shelley arrived in Oxford in 1810, but was expelled (along with Thomas Jefferson Hogg) in 1811 for the publication of "The Necessity of Atheism."

Beginning in 1833, Oxford was notable for the so-called Oxford movement, a religious revival led by John Keble and John Henry Newman.