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"Matlock," from Encyclopaedia Britannica (1797), III

{683} MATLOCK, a town or village of Derbyshire, near Wicksworth, situated on the very edge of the Derwent; noted for its bath, the water of which is milkwarm; and remarkable for the huge rocks in its environs, {684} particularly those called the Torr, on the east side of the Derwent, over against it, which seem to be piled one upon another. It is an extensive straggling village, built in a very romantic style, on the steep side of a mountain, rising irregularly from the bottom to nearly the summit. Near the bath are several small houses, whose situation is on the little natural horizontal parts of the mountain, a few yards above the road, and in some places the roofs of some almost touch the floors of others. There are excellent accomodations for company who resort to the bath; and the poorer inhabitants are supported by the sale of petrifications, crystals, &c. and notwithstanding the rockiness of the soil, the cliffs produce an immense number of trees, whose foliage adds greatly to the beauty of the place.