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August Wilhelm von Schlegel

August Wilhelm von Schlegel, 1767-1845, German poet and scholar.

Schlegel first major work was the lecture series Vorlesungen über schöne Kunst und Literatur (1801). He lived in the chateau of Madame de Staël in Coppet between 1804 and 1818, where he served as tutor to her children. There he wrote his Lectures on Dramatic Art and Literature (1808; tr. 1815). His scholarly interests were various: he translated works by Dante, Calderón, Cervantes, Petrarch, and Camoens, as well as seventeen of Shakespeare's plays. He edited the Hindu scripture the Bhagavad-Gita and the Sanskrit epic poem the Ramayana. Together with his brother Friedrich, Schlegel was one of the seminal influences in German Romanticism.