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Henry Hudson

Henry Hudson, d. 1611, English navigator.

Little is known of Hudson's early life. In 1607, Hudson, working for the English Muscovy Company, reached the polar pack ice in a search for the Northeast Passage. An attempt in the following year took him as far as Nova Zembla. In 1609 he sailed to America for the Dutch East India Company, and traveled to Albany, 150 miles up what was later named the Hudson River. The trip gave the Dutch a claim on the area. In 1610 he sailed again, passing through the Hudson Strait and into Hudson Bay in a search for the Northwest Passage. There his crew mutinied in 1611, and cast him adrift with his son and seven others, where he died.