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Contexts -- Societies -- Académie Française

The French Academy of Sciences was founded in 1666, four years after England's Charles II granted a royal charter to the Royal Society.

Although the scientific academy never matched the associated literary Académie in fame, it did make a number of important scientific discoveries in the eighteenth century. It was French expeditions in 1735 and 1743, for instance, that established the oblate shape of the earth.