In the early nineteenth century Matlock was a spa and vacation resort on
the southeastern edge of the region of craggy hills known today as the
Peak National Park in Derbyshire, England. It was famous for the limestone
caves in its vicinity. Its curious geography is detailed in the entry for it in the 4th edition of the
Encylopaedia Brittanica (1797).
In the letters Percy Bysshe
Shelley added to A History of a Six
Tour he notes the small local museums of Servoz and Chamounix and compares them
to those of the hilly region of northwest England. With the second town
he specifically mentions the likeness of Matlock.