The same year that the country named Pays de Vaud was conquered from the house of Savoy, the inhabitants of Lausanne put themselves under the protection of the Canton of Berne, their bishop having retired from the town. At that time its privileges were confirmed and augmented, and it is still governed by its own magistrates. The citizens of the principal street have the privilege of pronouncing sentence in criminal cases. If the criminal is found, and acknowledges himself guilty, the burghers of the street assemble: one of the magistrates pleads in his behalf, and another against him; the court of justice give their opinion upon the point of law; and the majority of citizens possessing houses in the principal street, determine the penalty. In capital cases there is no pardon, according to the letter of the law, unless it can be obtained within 24 hours from the sovereign council of Berne, though it generally happens that eight days are allowed for this purpose. When the criminal is seized within the jurisdiction of the town, the fact is tried, and the burghers pronounce sentence, from which there is no appeal; but if he happens to be taken in the district of the bailiff, there is an appeal to the government of Berne.