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Archangel, Russia

Archangelsk (originally Novo Kholmogory), a northern settlement named after the archangel Michael, was established as the major port for the Russian trade by the English in the sixteenth century. In the eighteenth century, despite its remote location on the Arctic coast, it remained Russia's principal port. Its historical and contemporary importance to British commerce are strongly attested to in the account given of the city in the Encyclopaedia Britanica, 4th edition (1797).

In this map Archangelsk is located at center-right, fronting the White Sea.


From A. Ilin, ZHeleznyia dorogo Rossii (1918), IVa.